DHIS2 Tracker: Expanding DHIS2 into Individual Data

Health programs, school systems, and other large organizations and projects tend to work best when the people managing them can make data-driven decisions. But their ability to analyze data and take informed action on it is limited by the data's lowest level of disaggregation--the degree of its granularity. Traditionally in a Health Management Information System (HMIS), data are reported in aggregate format--for example, the total number of all cases of a certain disease in a given district for one month--captured on paper forms, and submitted to a central office for manual entry into a database. This kind of data collection was necessary when computers and internet were a rarity, but the time delay in reporting made it difficult to take prompt action to address any issues that the data revealed, and the aggregated nature of the data made it impossible to isolate and follow-up with an individual patient or case. DHIS2 Tracker provides a solution.
DHIS2 decentralizes the data collection process by providing an accesible platform where users can enter data from any level within an organizational system, from the office of the Minister of Health down to a medical worker at an individual health center, using a computer or mobile device to enter data directly into the database in real time. DHIS2 Tracker is a built-in application within DHIS2 that expands the DHIS2 data model from aggretate to individual-level data, turning DHIS2 into a powerful tool for not only collecting and analyzing case-based data (which can be automatically aggregated to meet reporting requirements), but also for managing patient care workflows on a facility or community level. For example, within a Tracker program you can configure SMS reminders, track missed appointments and generate visit schedules for individual patients. Tracker also provides a simple tool for sharing critical clinical health data across multiple health facilities, including by linking Tracker to an Electronic Medical Record (EMR) system.
This page provides an overview of DHIS2 Tracker "in action," focusing on what Tracker can do and where it is being used, including examples of real-life use cases and information on how you can test the system yourself. To learn more about specific Tracker features and capabilities, visit the DHIS2 Tracker Feature Overview page.
Interested in using Tracker for your project?  Schedule a DHIS2 demo »

What can DHIS2 Tracker do?

DHIS2 Tracker provides a customizable platform for entering, tracking, analyzing, and reporting individual-level data within the DHIS2 software platform. Multiple Tracker programs can be added and maintained in a single DHIS2 instance, and because Tracker comes included as an application within the core DHIS2 platform, no additional software is required. Some key Tracker features include:
  • Enroll individuals into longitudinal and chronic programs, and improve retention by using Tracker to schedule visits, set up automated SMS reminders, track missed appointments, and more.
  • Link individual persons with each other using relationships, and enroll unique records in several health programs without duplicate data entry.
  • Collect anonymous or one-off (non-longitudinal) individual-level data records using the Event data model.
  • Define your own case-based programs, decide what data to collect at each stage, and use program rules to simplify data entry forms. OR use DHIS2 WHO data packages for standardized Tracker configurations
  • Generate daily or weekly visit schedules (work plans) for your facility or community health workers.
  • Collect detailed data aligned with standardized codes (such as ICD-10) and surveys (such as WHO's SARA survey) and link them to aggregate indicators for national and international reporting.
  • VIsualize and analyze your data with tables, charts, graphs, and maps, including the option to easily define custom map areas related to specific programs.
  • Analyze relationships between tracked entities (such as for contact tracing during a disease outbreak) and visualize relationships on a map.
  • Collect data online in a web browser, or using Android mobile devices with the DHIS2 Android Capture App in both online and offline modes.

Read more about these features--including updates in the latest software release--on the DHIS2 Tracker Feature Overview page.

Where is DHIS2 Tracker used?

DHIS2 Tracker is already in use for health and other programs in multiple countries, including national-scale deployments with thousands of users and millions of data records. The following interactive map and chart show countries using Tracker, including additional details for select countries about implementation scope and impact.

Is your country's DHIS2 Tracker implementation missing from our map? Share the details with us through our online form.

Example Use Cases: Disease Surveillance, e-Registries, and more

DHIS2 Tracker has been deployed in a range of settings to support a variety of projects and programs. In some implementations, Tracker supports existing data flows by enhancing the speed, completeness, and granularity of data capture. In others, the use of Tracker has led to innovative reimagining of what a health program could accomplish. Read the selected use cases below for a few examples of how DHIS2 Tracker has helped make an impact.
Rwanda DHIS2 Android Covid Testing
Paperless COVID-19 Screening and Lab Testing in Rwanda

Rwanda used the DHIS2 Tracker package for COVID-19 combined with the DHIS2 Android Capture App to make their process for COVID-19 sample collection, lab testing, and sharing of results entirely paperless from start to finish, and to launch mobile drive-through testing sites with data capture on tablets.


Palestine Tracker e-registry
Using Tracker for e-Registries and disease surveillance in Palestine

The health authorities in Palestine collaborated to implement Tracker for case-based management of key health programs, from mother and child health to communicable diseases, and used this experience to quickly deploy a COVID-19 surveillance system.


Ghana DHIS2 Tracker healthcare
Using Tracker to Ease the Healthcare Workload in Ghana

Ghana uses DHIS2 tracker for several health programs, and among other valuable indicators, tracker follows patients currently on antiretroviral therapy. Changes to the data required to be registered in Tracker have eased the workload of health care workers, helping these programs function more effectively.


Try It Yourself

Test out DHIS2 Tracker for yourself with our DHIS2 COVID-19 surveillance demo database: >> Explore DHIS2 Tracker
Try out DHIS2 Tracker